Study Japanese

Time in Japanese : Perfect guide for your schedule

Time in Japanese
Written by Kaori sensei

If you are studying Japanese, why don’t you start by telling me your daily schedule in Japanese. This is really good practice. Today, we will learn how to say “time” and “hour” in Japanese. They are completely different ways to say them in English, but time in Japanese and hours in Japanese are a bit similar, so it is easy to make mistakes. So let’s get started.

If you haven’t studies Japanese number 1 to 10, please check this article.

Time in Japanese

Number + 時(じ)

Time in Japanese

Time in Japanese is basically number plus 時(じ / ji).The ones to watch out for are 4, 7, and 9.The following is a list.

  • 4時 よじ  { 〇  yo ji ✕ yon ji}
  • 7時 しちじ { 〇 shichi ji ✕ nana ji}
  • 9時 くじ  { 〇 ku ji ✕ kyuu ji}

Minute in Japanese

Number + 分(ふん)

minute in Japanese

Minute can be read in two ways: 分( ふん/fun , ぷん/pun). Hm? This was done somewhere else. Yes, it is similar to how you count coffee, cups, etc.

  • 4分 よんぷん  { 〇  yon pun ✕ yon fun}

Pronounce it loud and clear once. It is important to pronounce it yourself and let your ears learn it.
Now, let’s play a simple game.

Time in Japanese handy PDF

Time in Japanese
Time in Japanese

The order of when to say time in Japanese

clock image

When we say time, there are various expressions associated with it.
For example, morning or afternoon..etc.

今(いま) 、午前(ごぜん) 9 時 です。

It is now 9:00 a.m.
  • 午前(ごぜん / gozen )  :a.m.
  • 午後(ごご / gogo) : p.m.

Place ”午前(ごぜん / gozen )” and ”午後(ごご / gogo) ” before time.

7時(じ) ごろ、つきます。

We will arrive around 7:00.
  • ごろ(goro)  :around

Place ”ごろ(goro) ” after time.

Hours vs Time in Japanese

You can use 時 (じ / ji ) to express ”o’clock”, but if you want to talk a period of time, please use Number + “時間( じかん / jikan ) “.

2時間(じかん) あるきました。

I walked for two hours.

8時(じ) から 10時(じ) まで  あるきました。

I walked from 8:00 to 10:00.

However, You can use the same counter for minutes.

うち から 駅(えき) まで 15分(ふん) です。

It takes 15 minutes from my house to the station.

Useful vocabulary book for studying numbers

1000 Essential Vocabulary for the JLPT N5

1000 Essential Vocabulary for the JLPT is convenient to carry around. You can use the red sheets to memorize the information during your commute to work, etc. You can also download audio from the official webiste, so you can learn with your eyes and ears. The audio is also divided by field, then, you will learn by association.

Learn more about numbers

Lastly, check other articles about numbers! You can master the number!

Days of months in Japanese : figure out Japanese calendar

10 Basic Japanese counter for Beginners

About the author

Kaori sensei

Japanese online teacher, live in Kamakura, Japan. She is currently working as a language teacher and online Japanese experience host to introduce Japanese culture to the world. She originally worked as an engineer at a Japanese company, so she is familiar with Japanese business culture too.

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