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Basic Japanese Vocabulary #10-1 : color -色(いろ)-

Written by Kaori sensei

Today, We will study Basic Japanese vocabulary related to “nature ” in your town that will appear on the JLPT N5. Use infographics, flashcards, and practice tests to study effectively. Get ready!

Note: See how it modifies nouns

The names of colors are summarized here, especially important colors. Basic color names are also given in the JLPT.And the key is how to connect the colors to the nouns. This is introduced in this issue of Nihongo, which is easy to mistake.


color name in Japanese

See the table above.Colors except green can be transformed into adjectives by adding “い” to the color name. Conversely, colors except these five colors cannot be turned into adjectives. For example, colors such as ”むらさき”(purple) and “オレンジ(orange)” modify nouns by adding “の” to their names, just as green does.

あかい くつ を ください。

Please give me a red shoes.

みどり  くつ を ください。

Please give me a green shoes.
English translationJapanese
pink桃色(ももいろ) / ピンク
orange橙色(だいだいいろ) / オレンジ
greyグレー / 灰色(はいいろ) / グレー
color in Japanese

Thus, it is often used often with fashion items.Check out this article for the language of clothing.▶ Basic Japanese Vocabulary #3-1 : Clothes -服(ふく)-

Flash card video

We will upload soon….!

Practice test video

We will upload soon….!

Recommendation books for JLPT

Here, you can add your training with using these book for JLPT N5.

The Preparatory Course for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test: N5 Reading

Please check this article too.

Keep learning…!

Lastly, the JLPT vocabulary is about 800 words. So, continuous daily study is key. Check out the others, and keep building your vocabulary!

About the author

Kaori sensei

Japanese online teacher, live in Kamakura, Japan. She is currently working as a language teacher and online Japanese experience host to introduce Japanese culture to the world. She originally worked as an engineer at a Japanese company, so she is familiar with Japanese business culture too.

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